AskDefine | Define atman

User Contributed Dictionary



From आत्म‍, from (compare Old English æþm).


  • (UK) /ˈɑːtman/


  1. In the context of "Hinduism": The soul; one's true self.
    • 2006, Karen Armstrong, The Great Transformation, Atlantic Books 2007, p. 84:
      The priests who were immersed in the ritual science of the Brahmanas began to speculate on the nature of the self, and gradually the word "atman" came to refer to the essential and eternal core of the human person, which made him or her unique.

Extensive Definition

Atman may refer to a concept in several Indian religious traditions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism:
Atman may also refer to:

See also

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

anima, anima humana, animating force, astral body, ba, bathmism, beating heart, biological clock, biorhythm, blood, breath, breath of life, buddhi, divine breath, divine spark, ego, elan vital, essence of life, force of life, gross body, growth force, heart, heartbeat, heartblood, impulse of life, inner man, inspiriting force, jiva, jivatma, kama, khu, life breath, life cycle, life essence, life force, life principle, life process, lifeblood, linga sharira, living force, manas, manes, mind, nephesh, physical body, pneuma, prana, principle of desire, psyche, purusha, ruach, seat of life, shade, shadow, soul, spark of life, spirit, spiritual being, spiritus, sthula sharira, the self, vis vitae, vis vitalis, vital energy, vital flame, vital fluid, vital force, vital principle, vital spark, vital spirit
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